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Table 1 Characterization of participants.

From: Gastrointestinal flora and gastrointestinal status in children with autism – comparisons to typical children and correlation with autism severity

  Autism/Aspergers Control P-value
Total # participants 58 39 --
Male/Female 50/8 18/21  
Age (years) 6.91 ± 3.4 7.7 ± 4.4 n.s.
% Autism/Aspergers 94.8/5.2 -- --
ATEC 68.8 ± 29.5 -- --
6-GSI 3.9 ± 2.5 1.3 ± 1.4 0.0000011
Probiotic Usage 33% 5%  
Seafood Consumption 12% high (> 2x/month) 33% high (> 2x/month)  
  2% low (1-2x/month) 3% low (1-2x/month)  
  53% none 64% none  
  33% unknown   
Fish Oil Consumption (daily) 36% 0%  
  1. 1The difference in 6-GSI scores is expected since controls were chosen not to have significant GI problems, whereas children with autism were accepted into the study regardless of their GI problems.