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Table 2 Helicobacter pylori colonization and associated factors

From: Helicobacter pyloriin apparently healthy children aged 0-12 years in urban Kampala, Uganda: a community-based cross sectional survey

  Number HP positive Unadjusted OR Adjusted1OR p-value2
  N n (%) (95%-CI) (95%-CI)  
Age groups      
0 - < 1 year 87 25 (28.7) 1 1  
1 - < 12 years 340 164 (48.2) 2.3 (1.4-3. 9)* 2.4 (1.4-4.1) * 0.002
Sex      
Female 216 84 (38.9) 1 1  
Male 211 105 (49.8) 1.6 (1.1-2.3)* 1.6 (1.1-2.4) * 0.02
Type of housing      
Permanent house 182 70 (38.5) 1 1  
Semi-permanent house 245 119 (48.6) 1.5 (1.0-2.2) * 1.8 (1.2-2-7) * 0.02
Number of people in same household      
2 - 4 143 55 (38.5) 1   
≥ 5 284 134 (47.2) 1.4 (0.95-2.2) - 0.39
Education level of mother/female caretaker      
Completed secondary school or higher level 84 32 (38.1) 1   
Not completed secondary school 343 157 (45.8) 1.4 (0.8-2.2) - 0.32
Drinking water      
Unprotected sources 43 17 (39.5) 1   
Public tap 384 172 (44.8) 1.24 (0.7-2.4) - 0.67
Using pit latrine      
Yes 412 182 (44.2) 1   
No 15 7 (46.7) 1.1 (0.4-3.1) - 0.94
Sharing toilet with other families      
Yes 401 170 (42.4) 1 1  
No 26 19 (73.1) 3.7 (1.5-9.0)* 3.7 (1.5-9.3) * 0.006
Wealth index      
Poor 142 61 (43.0) 1   
Poorer 142 60 (42.0) 1.2 (0.8-1.9) - 0.64
Poorest 143 68 (47.9) 0.96 (0.6-1.5)   0.55
Taken drugs last 3 months      
Yes 345 149 (43.2) 1   
No 82 40 (48.8) 1.3 (0.8-2.1) - 0.40
Taken any antibiotics last 3 months      
Yes 166 65 (39.2) 1   
No 261 124 (47.5) 1.4 (0.9-2.1) - 0.38
Reporting abdominal pain more than 3 times/week      
No 400 176 (44.0) 1   
Yes 27 13 (48.1) 1.2 (0.5-2.6) - 0.58
  1. * p-value < 0.05
  2. 1 adjusted for age, sex, type of housing, number of people in the same household, education level of the mother/female caretaker, if drugs taken the last tree months, using a pit, latrine, sharing the toilet with other families, sources of drinking water and wealth index
  3. 2 p-value after adjusting for1
  4. N/n number
  5. OR Odds ratio
  6. CI Confidence Interval
  7. HP Helicobacter pylori