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Table 1 Prevalence (%) of metabolic syndrome (MetS), its individual components and colon polyps by sex

From: Central obesity and atherogenic dyslipidemia in metabolic syndrome are associated with increased risk for colorectal adenoma in a Chinese population

  Women (n = 1755) Men (n = 2367) Total (N = 4122)
MetS (AHA/NHLBI criteria) 20.9 29.9 26.0
Individual components    
   Large waist 27.8 29.3 28.7
   High BP 22.7 31.5 27.8
   Low HDL-C 58.1 57.8 58.0
   High triglycerides 13.5 30.7 23.3
   Elevated fasting glucose 22.5 31.4 27.6
Number of components present    
0 26.5 18.3 21.8
1 34.3 25.4 29.2
2 18.3 26.4 22.9
3 11.6 19.0 15.8
4 7.6 8.9 8.4
5 1.7 1.9 1.8
Colonoscopic findings    
   Polyp-free 80.9 69.4 74.3
   Hyperplastic polyp 5.9 10.0 8.2
   Low grade adenoma 10.6 16.6 14.1
   High grade adenoma 2.6 4.0 3.4
  1. Abbreviations: AHA/NHLBI, America Heart Association and National Heart Lung Blood Institute; BP, blood pressure; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.